Though Lenin was the leader of the Bolshevik Party, it has been argued that since Lenin was not present during the actual takeover of the Winter Palace, it was really Trotsky's organization and direction that led the revolution, merely spurred by the motivation Lenin instigated within his party.
These ideals were championed most vociferously by Russia's liberals, although populists, Marxists, and anarchists also claimed to support democratic reforms.
These included that the Soviets take power as seen in the slogan "all power to the Soviets" and denouncing the liberals and social revolutionaries in the Provisional Government, forbidding co-operation with it.
The elections to the Russian Constituent Assembly took place in November in which the Bolsheviks came second with Inflation dragged incomes down at an alarmingly rapid rate, and shortages made it difficult for an individual to sustain oneself.
They viewed their role as limited to pressuring hesitant "bourgeoisie" to rule and to introduce extensive democratic reforms in Russia the replacement of the monarchy by a republic, guaranteed civil rights, a democratic police and army, abolition of religious and ethnic discrimination, preparation of elections to a constituent assembly, and so on.
Petersburg reportedly spent about forty hours a week in food lines, begging, turning to prostitution or crime, tearing down wooden fences to keep stoves heated for warmth, and continued to resent the rich.
Aleksandr Shlyapnikov was a leading figure of the Bolshevik movement, whose leader, Vladimir Ilich Lenin, had been living outside Russia for long periods of time since Inreports of fraternizing with the enemy began to circulate. Students, white-collar workers, and teachers joined the workers in the streets and at public meetings.
Since the Age of EnlightenmentRussian intellectuals had promoted Enlightenment ideals such as the dignity of the individual and the rectitude of democratic representation. The usage is roughly equivalent to the term " commie ", " Red ", or " pinko " in the United States during the same period.
Woods traces this evolution from the birth of Russian Marxism, and its ideological struggle against the Narodniks and the trend of economism, through the struggle between the two strands of Menshevism and Bolshevism, and up to the eventual seizure of power.
The publication helped make the party popular among soldiers and workers. One of the Tsar's principal rationales for risking war in was his desire to restore the prestige that Russia had lost amid the debacles of the Russo-Japanese War